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Blogs, Digestive, Foundational, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Noelle Patno, PhD Research has demonstrated that probiotics not only help with gastrointestinal (GI) health but they also support immune health. Specifically, meta-analyses have shown that probiotics help reduce the incidence and duration of colds (AKA acute upper respiratory tract infections [URTI]).1-2 The length of the cold may be reduced by almost a day, resulting in less absenteeism from work, school, or day care.3 This can be significant considering that adults experience ~2-4 URTI episodes per year, with an estimated…

by Noelle Patno, PhD Research has demonstrated that probiotics not only help with gastrointestinal (GI) health but they also support immune health. Specifically, meta-analyses have shown that probiotics help reduce the incidence and duration…

Digestive, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists, Publications

Colonoscopy is one of the most common medical procedures, used to screen for a variety of bowel pathologies (e.g. polyps, ulcers, inflamed tissue, cancer, etc.). Most colonoscopy research has focused on improving technologies during the procedure, and more study is warranted to improve post-procedure complications. Following the colonoscopy procedure, some people experience abdominal pain, which may be related to gut dysbiosis that results from the bowel cleansing preparation for colonoscopy. An Australian study in 320 colonoscopy patients (~60-62 years old)…

Colonoscopy is one of the most common medical procedures, used to screen for a variety of bowel pathologies (e.g. polyps, ulcers, inflamed tissue, cancer, etc.). Most colonoscopy research has focused on improving technologies…

Blogs, Digestive, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Noelle Patno, PhD Colonoscopy is one of the most common medical procedures, used for screening various bowel diseases, including colon cancer, to examine for any pathological findings (e.g. polyps, ulcers, or inflamed tissue). Barriers to colonoscopy include patients’ fears related to invasiveness, pain, or complications.1 Complications may be as minor as bloating or as severe as bowel perforation (rare); factors that may predict increased risk for complication include insufficient bowel preparation (not completely cleaned out and therefore more difficult…

by Noelle Patno, PhD Colonoscopy is one of the most common medical procedures, used for screening various bowel diseases, including colon cancer, to examine for any pathological findings (e.g. polyps, ulcers, or inflamed…

Blogs, Digestive, Foundational, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Bianca Garilli, ND It’s a well-known fact that cruciferous vegetables, including broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, and many others, should be a major cornerstone of any healthy, nutrient-dense diet. Not as well known, however, is that the bioavailability of some of the most desired nutritional bioactives from the Brassica vegetables, including isothiocyanates (e.g. sulforaphane), will vary depending on numerous factors. These factors can be broken down into plant-intrinsic and plant-extrinsic components. Plant-Intrinsic Factors Mainly found in cruciferous vegetables, glucosinolates (GL)…

by Bianca Garilli, ND It’s a well-known fact that cruciferous vegetables, including broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage, and many others, should be a major cornerstone of any healthy, nutrient-dense diet. Not as well known,…

Blogs, Cardiometabolic, Digestive, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists, Obesity

by Whitney Crouch, RDN, CLT The overweight and obesity epidemic in America Worldwide, obesity rates have tripled since 1975. In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults 18 years and older were overweight. Of these, over 650 million were obese.1 The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a cross-sectional survey that represents the civilian, noninstitutionalized population.2 NHANES studies are crucial for looking at many aspects of community health in the US, like the worsening epidemic of overweight and obesity.…

by Whitney Crouch, RDN, CLT The overweight and obesity epidemic in America Worldwide, obesity rates have tripled since 1975. In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults 18 years and older were overweight. Of…

Articles, Digestive, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Bianca Garilli, ND Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by chronic inflammation in the digestive tract and can be classifed into two main conditions: ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). Both of these debilitating diseases involve similar symptoms including bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramping, fever, fatigue, and unintended weight loss.1 The two disease processes, although overlapping in many ways, differ in their pathophysiology:1-2 CD: This disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and is…

by Bianca Garilli, ND Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by chronic inflammation in the digestive tract and can be classifed into two main conditions: ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). Both…

Articles, Digestive, Foundational, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Bianca Garilli, ND It is well known that gut dysbiosis impacts various aspects of human health, from cardiovascular disease to asthma.1 Bacterial composition in the digestive tract can be influenced by many aspects of daily life: stress levels, environmental exposures, and dietary habits, including alcohol consumption, to name a few.1-2 The literature also suggests that alcohol intake may play a role in the makeup of human oral microbiota through several mechanisms including direct cytotoxic effects on bacteria, changing the…

by Bianca Garilli, ND It is well known that gut dysbiosis impacts various aspects of human health, from cardiovascular disease to asthma.1 Bacterial composition in the digestive tract can be influenced by many…

Articles, Cardiometabolic, Digestive, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists, Obesity

by Ashley Jordan Ferira, PhD, RDN The digestive system begins in the mouth, which is home to 700+ unique species of bacteria.1 Recent research has shown that salivary2 and gastrointestinal (GI)3-4 microbiota possess diurnal rhythms; whether these daily patterns are a result of circadian biology and/or eating behaviors is unknown. The composition of one’s habitual diet has been shown to impact human GI microbiota, and emerging research suggests that eating frequency and timing of meals may also play a role,3-4…

by Ashley Jordan Ferira, PhD, RDN The digestive system begins in the mouth, which is home to 700+ unique species of bacteria.1 Recent research has shown that salivary2 and gastrointestinal (GI)3-4 microbiota possess…

Articles, Digestive, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Lewis Chang, PhD Gut microbiota, a community of trillions of microorganisms living in the gastrointestinal tract, play an important role in health and disease in humans. A loss in species richness and diversity in the microbiota has been associated with many metabolic disorders and disease states.1 Nutrition can have a significant impact on the microbiota composition. The Mediterranean diet is known for its various health benefits.2 However, little is known on how the Mediterranean dietary pattern affects the composition…

by Lewis Chang, PhD Gut microbiota, a community of trillions of microorganisms living in the gastrointestinal tract, play an important role in health and disease in humans. A loss in species richness and…

Digestive, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

Lactobacillus salivarius UCC118 is a well-characterized and evidence-based probiotic strain. A feeding study led by Fergus Shanahan, MD and his research group at the University College Cork was conducted in patients with ulcerative colitis. This pilot-scale, open-label study aimed to determine the ability of L. salivarius UCC118 to adhere to human enterocyte epithelial cells. The bacterial strain was administered to patients with ulcerative colitis at ~109 CFU/day for 12 days. Biopsy specimen analyses demonstrated that the ingested bacteria effectively adhered to…

Lactobacillus salivarius UCC118 is a well-characterized and evidence-based probiotic strain. A feeding study led by Fergus Shanahan, MD and his research group at the University College Cork was conducted in patients with ulcerative…

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