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Science Review: ERr 731®

ERr 731® is a nonhormonal therapy to alleviate the uncomfortable symptoms of menopause, including hot flashes.

With more than 30 years of safe, effective use in Europe (backed by decades of postmarketing surveillance data), ERr 731® has been clinically demonstrated, through extensive research, including randomized controlled trials, to safely and effectively reduce menopausal symptoms.

12-week randomized controlled trial (RCT)
109 perimenopausal women
Heger M, et al. Menopause. 2006.1

  • At 12 weeks, ERr 731® group had a significant reduction in total Menopause Rating Scale II (MRS II) score, as well as significant decreases in all 11 individual symptom scores compared with placebo (p<0.001)
  • No abnormalities in safety parameters such as breast tissue, endometrium, hormones, liver enzymes, body weight, and blood pressure were noted.

Kaszkin-Bettag M, et al. Menopause. 2007.2

  • The Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) total scores and HAMA factors scores for somatic and psychic anxiety were significantly reduced in ERr 731® group after just 4 weeks, and even more pronounced after 12 weeks of treatment (p<0.001) but not placebo
  • There were no differences in gynecological findings, including endometrial biopsies, bleeding, weight, blood pressure, pulse, and laboratory safety parameters, between the treatment groups, and no adverse events (AEs) related to ERr 731® were detected

ERr 731® Research Highlights

  • In a 12-week randomized controlled trial, ERr 731® significantly reduced the number of hot flashes from a median of 12 to 2 daily
  • In the same study, ERr 731® demonstrated an 83% reduction in hot flashes, as well as a significant decrease in anxiety
  • No changes in gynecological findings (e.g., endometrial hyperplasia or abnormalities in breast tissue) and safety parameters were observed in a two-year observational study
  • Postmarketing surveillance found that the incidence of ERr 731®-associated adverse events was very low

 

12-week confirmatory RCT
112 perimenopausal women
Kaszkin-Bettag M, et al. Altern Ther Health Med. 2009.3

  • At 12 weeks, ERr 731® group showed a significant reduction in the number of hot flashes compared to placebo, from a median of 12 to 2—an 83% reduction (Figure 1)
  • The Hot-Flash-Weekly-Weighted-Score (HFWWS) was significantly decreased in ERr 731® group (p<0.0001) but not the placebo group

 

6-month observational study (OS) at 70 gynecological practices
252 peri- and postmenopausal women
Kaszkin-Bettag M, et al. Altern Ther Health Med. 2008.4

  • Subjects showed a significant decrease in Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) total score from a mean of 14.5 points at baseline to 6.5 at 6 months (p<0.0001); all 11 individual symptom scores were improved over baseline (Figure 2)
  • 90% of women rated the tolerability of ERr 731® “very good” or “good,” and there were no ERr 731®-related AEs

2-year post-RCT observational study (OS)

OS I (48 weeks) consisted of 80 menopausal women; OS II
(additional 48 weeks) consisted of 51 women from OS I
Hasper I, et al. Menopause. 2009.5

  • The mean MRS II total score was reduced from 34.0 at baseline to 5.7
    at end of OS II—an 83% reduction (Figure 3)
  • ERr 731® demonstrated a sustained alleviation of menopausal
    symptoms, and no changes in safety parameters were observed
    over two years
  • By the end of two years, the endometrial thickness showed a slight
    decrease in all women
  • No increases in serum progesterone or 17β-estradiol levels were
    observed, suggesting a lack of a potential hyperproliferative activity
    of ERr 731® in endometrium or breast

ERr 731® inclusion in JAMA review
Franco OH, et al. JAMA. 2016.7

  • The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) recently
    published a systematic review article based on published RCTs of
    plant-based therapies and reported remedies such as ERr 731® to be
    associated with improvements in the number of hot flashes

ERr 731®: selective binding of Estrogen Receptor β (ERβ)

  • The clinical benefits of ERr 731® appear to be related to selective
    binding of ERβ and lack of affinity for ERα (Figure 4)8-10

In tissues where both ERα and ERβ are expressed, ERβ may function as
a negative regulator of ERα, offering relief of menopausal symptoms as
well as protection against inflammation and hyperproliferation11,12

Postmarketing surveillance since 1993

  • Chang J, et al. Integr Med (Encinitas). 20166
    Postmarketing surveillance began in Germany (in 1993) and expanded
    to USA (in 2009), South Africa (in 2011), and Canada (in 2012)
  • Published postmarketing surveillance data, from approximately
    153 million doses sold since 1993, suggest ERr 731® is generally safe
    for consumption

Conclusion
With extensive preclinical and clinical research demonstrating efficacy
and safety as well as a decades-long postmarketing surveillance safety
record, ERr 731® is a thoroughly tested plant-derived extract that offers an
innovative approach to relieving menopausal symptoms, including
hot flashes.

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