Your trusted health, nutrition, and personalized lifestyle medicine resource

Science Reviews

Download the PDF How Specific Strains of Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria Work Together Probiotics have a long history of safe1 and effective use, with clinical studies demonstrating strainspecific effects on specific conditions.2 The early identified probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM® (L. acidophilus NCFM) has been used in foods and supplements since 19703 and has demonstrated clinical efficacy alone and even more so with other strains. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (L. rhamnosus GG) is one of the most widely studied lactobacilli, patented in 19894…

Download the PDF How Specific Strains of Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria Work Together Probiotics have a long history of safe1 and effective use, with clinical studies demonstrating strainspecific effects on specific…

Download the PDF Probiotics for the common cold: L. plantarum HEAL9 and L. paracasei 8700:2 Two meta-analyses have demonstrated that probiotics decreased the incidence and length of the common colds, or upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs).1,2 Over the last several years, mounting evidence suggests that a particular combination of specific probiotic strains, Lactobacillus (recently renamed Lactiplantibacillus) plantarum HEAL9 and Lactobacillus (recently renamed Lacticaseibacillus) paracasei 8700:2, provides larger benefit than the 8% relative risk reduction for infection2 or the 1.89-day decrease…

Download the PDF Probiotics for the common cold: L. plantarum HEAL9 and L. paracasei 8700:2 Two meta-analyses have demonstrated that probiotics decreased the incidence and length of the common colds,…

Download the PDF Numerous COVID-19 vaccines are being tested around the world, and billions of people will receive a COVID-19 vaccine in hopes of returning some normalcy to their lives and communities. Medical professionals may need to have meaningful discussions with their patients to help them have the best possible outcomes and to allay concerns they may have. We present this information from peer-reviewed publications to educate providers on experiences from other vaccines to safely get the best results and…

Download the PDF Numerous COVID-19 vaccines are being tested around the world, and billions of people will receive a COVID-19 vaccine in hopes of returning some normalcy to their lives…

    Download the PDF   What is an inflammasome? Inflammasomes are protein complexes, built by “ready-to-go” parts within a cell.1 Internal and external danger signals, such as an infection and cellular damage, can trigger inflammasome assembly in as little as 10 minutes.1,2 After activation, inflammasomes cause release of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β and cascade to an orchestrated inflammatory cell death known as pyroptosis and downstream immune responses.1 Several inflammasomes exist, and NLRP3 is considered the most clinically relevant…

    Download the PDF   What is an inflammasome? Inflammasomes are protein complexes, built by “ready-to-go” parts within a cell.1 Internal and external danger signals, such as an infection…

Estrogen affects the growth, differentiation, and function of numerous tissues throughout the female body—not just those involved in reproduction. This hormone plays an important role in bone health, protects the cardiovascular system, and influences behavior and mood. While appropriate levels of estrogens are essential for good health, several studies conclude that as inappropriate exposure to estrogen increases, the risk of several cancers—including breast, ovary, prostate, and thyroid—also increases.1-7 Furthermore, disproportionate estrogen exposure can lead to other health problems, including polycystic…

Estrogen affects the growth, differentiation, and function of numerous tissues throughout the female body—not just those involved in reproduction. This hormone plays an important role in bone health, protects the…

Introduction The body of probiotic research, as well as probiotic use, is growing. Data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) show probiotics to be the third most commonly used dietary supplement other than vitamins and minerals, and the use of probiotics quadrupled between 2007 and 2012.1 As public awareness of probiotics continues to expand, it is important for healthcare practitioners to increase their understanding of probiotic research and literacy surrounding probiotic definitions and use.2 In 2013, the International…

Introduction The body of probiotic research, as well as probiotic use, is growing. Data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) show probiotics to be the third most commonly…

Introduction The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is an important biological system that regulates and balances a wide range of physiological functions in the body.1 Research on the ECS has led to the identification of not only endocannabinoids such as anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), but also endocannabinoid-like lipid mediators such as palmitoylethanolamide (PEA). These endocannabinoid-like compounds often share the same metabolic pathways of endocannabinoids but lack binding affinity for the classical cannabinoid receptor type 1 and type 2 (CB1 and CB2).5…

Introduction The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is an important biological system that regulates and balances a wide range of physiological functions in the body.1 Research on the ECS has led to…

Introduction The endocannabinoid system, or ECS, is an important physiological system involved in regulating and balancing numerous functions and processes in the human body, including brain plasticity, learning and memory, stress and emotions, immune response, inflammation, appetite and food intake, bone and muscle health, digestion, metabolism, and energy balance (Figure 1).1 An imbalanced, prolonged alteration in the ECS—such as clinical endocannabinoid deficiency, which occurs when there are changes in function or density of cannabinoid receptors and/or endogenous cannabinoids levels—may negatively…

Introduction The endocannabinoid system, or ECS, is an important physiological system involved in regulating and balancing numerous functions and processes in the human body, including brain plasticity, learning and memory,…

Introduction Maintaining weight loss is important for the management of many of the complications of obesity, including reductions in blood pressure, glucose, and insulin concentrations, and may reduce the risk of diabetes and all-cause mortality.1,2 Due to adaptive physiological changes that occur following weight loss, as well as the need for continued implementation of positive diet and lifestyle changes, maintaining long-term weight loss can be a challenge, and the odds of weight regain are very high. Significant research efforts have…

Introduction Maintaining weight loss is important for the management of many of the complications of obesity, including reductions in blood pressure, glucose, and insulin concentrations, and may reduce the risk…

Introduction Meal replacements (MRs) are typically products intended to replace an entire meal. Forms of MRs usually vary from shakes, powdered shake mixes, bars, or soups. MRs are different from protein supplements in that they provide a range of macro- and micronutrients that would otherwise be found in a meal. One of the weight loss and weight maintenance strategies involves the use of MRs as part of a low-calorie diet (LCD).     Download the PDF  

Introduction Meal replacements (MRs) are typically products intended to replace an entire meal. Forms of MRs usually vary from shakes, powdered shake mixes, bars, or soups. MRs are different from…

Metagenics Institute is a trusted, peer-to-peer, evidence-based educational resource for nutrition and personalized medicine.
At Metagenics Institute, we translate credible research with scientific integrity into innovative and actionable clinical
decision-making. Metagenics Institute supports a diverse practitioner base to optimize patient outcomes by shifting existing paradigms in healthcare. Our mission is to transform healthcare by inspiring and educating practitioners, and their patients, about personalized lifestyle medicine.

Sponsored by
© 2022 Metagenics Institute. All Rights Reserved