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by Bianca Garilli, ND  Traumatic brain injury (TBI) research has grown rapidly in the past decade as awareness of the high prevalence and its potential devastating consequences have become clearer.1 TBI may result in varying degrees of paralysis, loss of consciousness, amnesia and even death. Death was the most common outcome for those diagnosed with moderate and severe TBI where severity of TBI was classified according to the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). The two most common causes of TBI globally…

by Bianca Garilli, ND  Traumatic brain injury (TBI) research has grown rapidly in the past decade as awareness of the high prevalence and its potential devastating consequences have become clearer.1 TBI may result…

Articles, Digestive, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Lewis Chang, PhD Clostridium difficile, or C. diff, is a bacterium that can cause infection in at-risk individuals, triggering symptoms ranging from mild diarrhea to severe pseudomembranous colitis. Major risk factors for C. diff infection include depletion of protective gut microorganisms due to antibiotics use (e.g., fluoroquinolone), compromised immune system, age, healthcare environment, and certain medications. Hospitalized older individuals with recent antibiotic exposure and those admitted to long-term care facilities are particularly susceptible for C. diff infection.1 Two fluoroquinolone-resistant…

by Lewis Chang, PhD Clostridium difficile, or C. diff, is a bacterium that can cause infection in at-risk individuals, triggering symptoms ranging from mild diarrhea to severe pseudomembranous colitis. Major risk factors for…

Articles, Bariatric, Cardiometabolic, Foundational, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists, Obesity

by Bianca Garilli, ND Sleep plays an important role in foundational health with inadequate amounts contributing to risks associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D), metabolic syndrome, hypertension and cardiovascular disease.1 One study reviewing the relationship between insufficient sleep and chronic health issues concluded, “Sleep duration of less than 6 hours is a risky behavior for the development of chronic diseases, particularly stroke and cancer, and should be therefore addressed in public health campaigns.”2 Studies have shown that the risk…

by Bianca Garilli, ND Sleep plays an important role in foundational health with inadequate amounts contributing to risks associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D), metabolic syndrome, hypertension and cardiovascular disease.1 One study…

Articles, Bariatric, Cardiometabolic, Chiropractic, Foundational, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Musculoskeletal, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Bianca Garilli, ND In the constant quest for improving performance, ultra-endurance athletes often alter exercise and dietary habits hoping to optimize peak physical and mental health. With this goal in mind, the ultra-endurance athlete community has turned its attention to the potential benefits of a low-carbohydrate diet. This is in stark contrast to the previously long-held approach of consuming a high-carbohydrate diet before, during and after exercise.1 Crucial to peak performance is the availability of adequate glycogen throughout the…

by Bianca Garilli, ND In the constant quest for improving performance, ultra-endurance athletes often alter exercise and dietary habits hoping to optimize peak physical and mental health. With this goal in mind, the…

Blogs, Chiropractic, Foundational, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Romilly Hodges, MS CNS Dynamic Bone Bone is not a static entity in our body. Our body is continually actively forming bone, as well as breaking it down—a process called bone remodeling. Osteoblast cells are responsible for forming bone matrix, a collagen-proteoglycan mix that can bind mineral salts, mostly as calcium hydroxyapatite. Osteoclast cells are active in resorbing bone matrix by secreting cathepsin K proteases that catabolize bone collagen, and hydrogen ions that lower the surrounding pH and solubilize minerals. A healthy…

by Romilly Hodges, MS CNS Dynamic Bone Bone is not a static entity in our body. Our body is continually actively forming bone, as well as breaking it down—a process called bone remodeling. Osteoblast cells are…

Articles, Cardiometabolic, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Lewis Chang, PhD Fish oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. Increased intakes of EPA and DHA are beneficial for cardiovascular health, cognitive function, mental health, maternal and child health, immunity and inflammation. EPA and DHA supplements are becoming more and more popular across a wide diversity of people; from healthy individuals to vulnerable populations with impaired health. Higher omega-3 concentrations may compete with fatty acids such as arachidonic acid for metabolizing enzymes. The interaction results…

by Lewis Chang, PhD Fish oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. Increased intakes of EPA and DHA are beneficial for cardiovascular health, cognitive function, mental health, maternal and child…

Articles, Chiropractic, Foundational, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Musculoskeletal, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Bianca Garilli, ND  Endurance-trained athletes must maintain excellent physical fitness in order to regularly perform activities requiring large quantities of sustained energy. Nutrition plays a major role in their ability to achieve superior athletic goals. However, athletes often do not meet recommended nutritional requirements based on sport, age and sex.1 A study conducted in 146 endurance athletes from Lithuania found that 80.8% of endurance athletes used lower than recommended amounts of carbohydrates in their diet, while more than 70%…

by Bianca Garilli, ND  Endurance-trained athletes must maintain excellent physical fitness in order to regularly perform activities requiring large quantities of sustained energy. Nutrition plays a major role in their ability to achieve…

Articles, Cognitive, Foundational, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Ashley Jordan Ferira, PhD, RDN We are a stressed society, and our children are not immune. Stressors originating from home life and school (e.g. academic performance concerns, peer exclusion, social pressure, bullying, etc.) can result in negative short- and long-term consequences on children’s mental wellbeing, physical health and quality of life (QOL).1 It is estimated that in the 3-17 year age group of US children: 3% suffer from anxiety; 2.1% have depression; and 3.5% have behavioral or conduct problems.2…

by Ashley Jordan Ferira, PhD, RDN We are a stressed society, and our children are not immune. Stressors originating from home life and school (e.g. academic performance concerns, peer exclusion, social pressure, bullying,…

Articles, Chiropractic, Cognitive, Foundational, Functional Medicine, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Bianca Garilli, ND Every 65 seconds someone in the US develops Alzheimer’s disease (AD), resulting in approximately 5.7 million Americans currently living with this condition. These numbers are expected to rise dramatically over the next several decades with projections of nearly 14 million people living with AD by the year 2050 and an associated $1.1 trillion in healthcare costs.1 AD is the most common form of dementia, characterized by impaired cognitive capacity beyond what is considered part of “normal…

by Bianca Garilli, ND Every 65 seconds someone in the US develops Alzheimer’s disease (AD), resulting in approximately 5.7 million Americans currently living with this condition. These numbers are expected to rise dramatically…

Blogs, Digestive, Integrative, Naturopathic, Nutritionists

by Christopher Moulton, PhD Pectin is a complex and heterogeneous aggregation of polysaccharides first isolated from plant matter in 1825 by French chemist and pharmacist Henri Bracconot.1 Pectin is the major constituent of all plant primary cell walls, contributing to the plant’s structural integrity and providing a barrier to the external environment. Consequently, pectin is a component of all omnivorous diets. Pectin is known to be a soluble, prebiotic fiber that bypasses human digestion in the small intestine, but is…

by Christopher Moulton, PhD Pectin is a complex and heterogeneous aggregation of polysaccharides first isolated from plant matter in 1825 by French chemist and pharmacist Henri Bracconot.1 Pectin is the major constituent of…

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